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INFORSE on COP26 outcome - November 19 2021
Glasgow Climate “ Emergency” Pact – A Compromise and a Hope - Watered Down (11 pages)
As the UNFCCC COP26 ended overtime Saturday night 13/11, 2021, many decisions and new directions were agreed. It did not secure a stable climate, but it set directions for future climate actions, with improvements, but also with new problems. It set the course for higher climate ambitions in future, and it concluded the “Paris Rulebook”, the guidance needed to implement all parts of the Paris Agreement.

Glasgow Climate “Emergency” Pact – A Compromise and a Hope - Watered Down

The UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for “ time to go into emergency mode, ending fossil fuel subsidies, phasing out coal, putting a price on carbon, protecting vulnerable communities, and delivering the $100 billion climate finance commitment.” He concluded, “We did not achieve these goals at this conference.
But we have some building blocks for progress.” “an important step, but it's not enough”. These words reflected many countries' final speeches before the decision. They all hoped more, and wished better wordings, but they had to accept the compromise. It is better than nothing, and they wished countries will do more than what was
agreed . It was a real depressing series of statements.

On the last day of COP26, when the text was adopted, the draft text was altered in several places to reach a compromise. The “Glasgow Climate Emergency Pact”, which was called for by the most vulnerable countries, became called "Glasgow Climate Pact!" - where the word “emergency” was deleted, illustrating the missing sense of emergency. There is hope, as there is an agreement and progress was made by keeping the recognition of targeting the 1.5-degree Celsius limit. However, it is a “watered down” hope! The countries are urged, but only “urged”, to “phase down”, but not “phase out” coal, they do not agree to act instead agree “to consider” improvement.

There is a wide gap from the submitted plans (NDCs) that will lead to 2.7’C, but there are actions promised outside the official process, with a possibility that the gap will be less. A rich country can pay other countries to reduce emissions and still claim that it is leading in emission reductions. However the proposed double counting of emissions was excluded. The rich countries are only “urged” to fully deliver the $ 100 Billion per year for
climate funding, and they are not asked to compensate for earlier non-payment.
The rich countries continued to ignore their historical responsibility, and blocked finance for Loss and Damage.

This is called a “clear betrayal of the planet and people” as per the Environmental NGO Constituency. The countries are though “urged” to finance loss and damage, and the countries agreed to strengthen the Santiago network, to make information exchange on how to deal with it.

The compromised result also reflects that our presence and voices as observer, Civil Society Organisations, were severely restricted through several barriers. For COP27, we demand that the UNFCCC Secretariat facilitates and not restricts the presence of the civil society, and the renewable energy associations, as well as NOT permit the greenwashing by industries including the dangerous nuclear industry. Inclusiveness of civil society and promotion of real sustainable climate solutions, can bring more understanding to the national negotiators on what is at stake: human life on the Earth.

Read more on these after our Analysis of the Glasgow Climate Pact, Finalising the Paris Rulebook, Agreements on Future UNFCCC Activities, and Actions Outside the Official Process.
Link: www.inforse.org/cop26.php3
File: INFORSE_on_COP26_Outcome_NOV19_2021.pdf
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Event: UNFCCC COP26 INFORSE Side Event & Exhibition: Nov 5 2021
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